How To Grow And Care For Swamp Milkweed

Swamp milkweed monarch

Swamp milkweed, also known as Asclepias incarnata, is a native plant species that is commonly found in wetlands and roadside ditches in North America. It is known for its beautiful pink or purple flowers that attract butterflies and other pollinators. Growing and caring for swamp milkweed is not only beneficial for the environment but also a rewarding experience for gardeners.

In this article, we will discuss the basics of growing and caring for swamp milkweed. We will cover topics such as soil requirements, watering needs, pest control, and propagation methods. Whether you are an experienced gardener or just starting out, this guide will provide you with the knowledge you need to successfully cultivate swamp milkweed in your garden or landscape.

Understanding Swamp Milkweed

As you imagine a lush wetland, the swamp milkweed is a staple plant in this ecosystem. This herbaceous perennial plant can grow up to 5 feet tall and has clusters of pink flowers that bloom from June to August. Not only is it a beautiful addition to your garden, but it also provides numerous benefits such as being a host plant for monarch butterflies and attracting other pollinators like bees.

When considering growing swamp milkweed, there are two options: starting from seed or buying established plants. Growing from seed requires patience as it takes about 2-3 years for the plant to mature and produce flowers. However, it can be more cost-effective than purchasing plants. On the other hand, buying established plants can provide quicker results and may have better survival rates if planted correctly.

Choosing the right location for your swamp milkweed is crucial for its growth and overall health. Keep in mind that this plant thrives in moist soil and full sun exposure. It’s important to select an area with good drainage as standing water can be detrimental to its growth. With proper care and attention, swamp milkweed can be a beautiful addition to any garden while also providing essential benefits for local wildlife.

Choosing The Right Location

To ensure successful growth of swamp milkweed, it is important to select an area with proper drainage, at least 6 hours of full sun, and moist soil. The soil should be enriched with organic matter and the plant should be planted at a depth of 1-2 inches. Planting in a container can be an effective option if the soil conditions are not met. Additionally, mulching the soil can help to retain moisture and reduce weeds.

Location Requirements

Swamp milkweed is a beautiful and beneficial plant that offers vibrant blooms and attracts pollinators such as butterflies. However, in order to grow healthy and prosper, it requires specific location requirements. The first thing to consider when choosing the right location for your swamp milkweed is the ideal climate. This plant thrives in moist environments and can tolerate both wet soil and drought conditions. Therefore, it’s important to choose a location that has consistent access to water but also provides good drainage.

Another important factor to consider when selecting the ideal location for your swamp milkweed is sun exposure. While this plant can tolerate partial shade, it requires at least six hours of direct sunlight each day to bloom properly. Therefore, you should choose a location with full sun exposure to ensure your swamp milkweed flourishes throughout the growing season.

In conclusion, selecting the right location for your swamp milkweed is crucial for its growth and overall health. Ideally, you should look for an area with moist soil and good drainage while also providing at least six hours of direct sunlight each day. With these factors in mind, you’ll be able to create a thriving garden filled with beautiful swamp milkweed plants that will attract pollinators and add beauty to your outdoor space.

Planting Depth

In addition to considering the climate and sun exposure, planting technique is also an important aspect to consider when choosing the right location for your swamp milkweed. The depth at which you plant your seedlings can have a significant impact on their growth and overall health. When planting your swamp milkweed, it’s important to ensure that you bury the roots deep enough to provide stability and allow them to establish themselves in the soil.

The ideal planting depth for swamp milkweed is around 1/4 inch deep, with a spacing of about 18-24 inches apart. You should also make sure that the soil is well-drained and not too compacted, as this can lead to poor root development and hinder growth. After planting, be sure to water your seedlings regularly and keep an eye out for any signs of stress or disease.

Seedling care is also an important factor in ensuring that your swamp milkweed grows healthy and strong. Once planted, you should continue to water your seedlings regularly until they become established in the soil. You should also keep an eye out for pests and disease, as these can quickly spread among young plants. With proper care and attention, your swamp milkweed will grow into a beautiful and beneficial addition to your garden, attracting pollinators and adding color to your outdoor space.

Soil Requirements

Soil preparation is crucial in growing swamp milkweed. It is recommended to prepare the soil by removing any weeds or grasses that could compete with the plant for nutrients and water. The soil should be tilled to a depth of 8-10 inches, making sure the soil is loose and well-draining.

The pH level of the soil is also important for swamp milkweed. Ideally, the pH level should be between 6.5 and 7.5, which is slightly acidic to neutral. If the pH level of the soil is too low or too high, it can affect the growth and development of the plant.

To determine the pH level of your soil, you can use a pH testing kit available at most gardening stores. If necessary, you can adjust the pH level by adding lime to raise it or sulfur to lower it. Once you have prepared your soil, you are ready to plant your swamp milkweed.

Moving forward, watering needs for swamp milkweed will depend on several factors such as weather conditions and location. However, there are some general guidelines that can help you ensure proper watering for healthy growth and development of your plants.

Watering Needs

Watering is a crucial aspect of caring for swamp milkweed. The frequency and amount of watering are essential to ensure the plant’s optimal growth and development. The optimal frequency for watering swamp milkweed is once every week, providing it with sufficient moisture without leaving the soil waterlogged.

However, swamp milkweed is relatively drought-tolerant, making it an excellent option for gardeners looking to conserve water. Water conservation strategies such as mulching can help retain moisture in the soil, reducing the amount of watering required. Mulching also helps to prevent weed growth and keeps the soil temperature stable.

Overwatering your swamp milkweed can lead to root rot or fungal diseases, which can harm the plant significantly. Therefore, it’s vital to ensure that you only provide enough water that the plant needs. You can determine this by checking the top layer of soil frequently; if it’s dry to touch, then it’s time to water your plant.

To maintain healthy and vibrant growth, swamp milkweed requires proper care and attention in terms of watering needs. By following these tips for optimal frequency and amount of watering along with implementing water conservation strategies like mulching will help keep your plants healthy while conserving resources at the same time. In our next section, we’ll discuss fertilizing techniques that will further support your swamp milkweed’s growth and development.


  1. Swamp milkweed is a type of perennial wildflower native to North America which should be fertilized regularly with a balanced fertilizer to promote healthy growth and bloom production.

  2. Different types of fertilizer can be used to fertilize swamp milkweed, such as synthetic balanced or organic fertilizers.

  3. When applying fertilizer to swamp milkweed, it’s important to do so evenly and lightly, avoiding contact with the foliage and stems.

  4. As swamp milkweed will benefit from regular fertilization, it is recommended to apply fertilizer at least twice a year, once in early spring and once in mid to late summer.

Types Of Fertilizer

As a horticulturalist, it is important to understand the different types of fertilizers available when caring for swamp milkweed. Organic and synthetic fertilizers are two options that gardeners can choose from. Organic fertilizers are derived from natural sources such as manure, compost, or bone meal. They release nutrients slowly over time and improve soil structure. Synthetic fertilizers, on the other hand, are chemical-based and provide immediate nutrients to plants.

When deciding on the type of fertilizer to use for swamp milkweed, it is crucial to consider timing of fertilization. Applying too much fertilizer at once can lead to burning the plant roots or causing excessive growth. Organic fertilizers should be applied early in the growing season before planting or in late fall after harvest to allow time for decomposition. Synthetic fertilizers should be applied during active growth periods but should not be used during dormancy.

In conclusion, knowing the difference between organic and synthetic fertilizers and understanding when to apply them is key in effectively caring for swamp milkweed. By choosing the right type of fertilizer and applying it at the proper time, you can ensure healthy growth and vibrant blooms for your plants. Remember that proper care not only benefits your own garden but also helps support pollinators like butterflies and bees that rely on swamp milkweed as a food source.

Applying Fertilizer

Fertilizing is an essential step in caring for plants, including swamp milkweed. It provides the necessary nutrients for plants to grow and thrive. In choosing the right type of fertilizer, gardeners can opt for organic or synthetic fertilizers. Organic fertilizers are derived from natural sources while synthetic fertilizers are chemical-based. Both types have their advantages and disadvantages, so it is important to weigh them carefully before making a decision.

When it comes to applying fertilizer, timing is crucial. Applying too much fertilizer at once can harm the plant’s roots or cause excessive growth. Organic fertilizers should be applied early in the growing season before planting or in late fall after harvest to allow time for decomposition. Synthetic fertilizers should be applied during active growth periods but should not be used during dormancy. Gardeners should also follow manufacturer instructions on dosage and application methods to ensure that they apply just the right amount.

Applying fertilizer correctly is key in ensuring healthy growth and vibrant blooms for swamp milkweed. Whether you choose organic or synthetic fertilizers, timing and proper application are crucial in nurturing your plants effectively. By taking good care of your garden, you not only benefit yourself but also contribute to supporting pollinators that rely on swamp milkweed as a food source.

Pruning And Deadheading

How do you ensure that your swamp milkweed stays healthy and thriving? Pruning and deadheading are two essential techniques that can help you achieve this. Pruning refers to the removal of certain parts of the plant, such as damaged or diseased stems or leaves. Deadheading, on the other hand, involves removing spent flowers before they start producing seeds.

Pruning techniques for swamp milkweed involve cutting back the plant to a few inches above the ground in early spring. This helps stimulate new growth and ensures that your plant doesn’t become too tall or leggy. During the growing season, you can also remove any dead or damaged stems to encourage healthy growth. However, be careful not to remove too much of the plant’s foliage, as it needs these leaves for photosynthesis.

Timing of deadheading is just as important as pruning techniques. The best time to deadhead your swamp milkweed is when the flowers start to fade and look wilted. You can use a pair of sharp scissors or shears to cut off the spent flower heads just below where they meet the stem. By doing this, you not only encourage more blooms but also prevent seed production which can lead to self-seeding and overcrowding in your garden bed.

As with any gardening task, pruning and deadheading require patience, care, and attention to detail. Done correctly and at the right time, these techniques can help your swamp milkweed stay healthy and vigorous throughout its growing season. In addition to these methods, proper pest control is another crucial aspect of caring for your plants. Let’s explore some effective ways to keep pests at bay in our next section.

Pest Control

Swamp milkweed is generally a hardy plant that can deter many pests on its own. However, in some cases, pests may still attack the plant and cause significant damage. In such instances, it is essential to take prompt action to prevent further damage. There are two primary ways of controlling pest infestations: organic solutions and chemical treatments.

Organic solutions involve using natural methods to control pests without resorting to synthetic chemicals. One effective method of organic pest control is introducing beneficial insects like ladybugs or lacewings into the garden. These insects feed on common pests like aphids and spider mites, which can harm swamp milkweed plants. Another method is using companion planting techniques by growing plants that repel pests around swamp milkweed.

Chemical treatments are another option for controlling pest infestations in swamp milkweed plants. However, it’s important to use these treatments with caution as they can be harmful to both plants and people. Always read the label before applying any chemical treatment and follow the instructions carefully. It’s also important to note that some pesticides may kill not only harmful insects but also beneficial ones like bees or butterflies.

In conclusion, choosing between organic solutions or chemical treatments for pest control depends on individual preferences and specific situations. Organic methods are often safer for humans and the environment, while chemical treatments may be more effective in severe cases of pest infestation. Whatever method you choose, make sure to monitor your plants regularly for signs of pests so that you can take action promptly if necessary.

Next up: Disease Prevention…

Disease Prevention

The best defense against diseases in swamp milkweed is prevention. A healthy plant is less susceptible to infections, so it’s essential to provide the right growing conditions. Start by choosing a sunny location with moist soil, and avoid overcrowding plants as this can reduce air circulation, leading to fungal growth. Additionally, be careful not to overwater; instead, allow the soil to dry out between waterings.

Natural remedies are a safe and effective way to prevent diseases in swamp milkweed. One such remedy is neem oil, which has antifungal properties that can help ward off powdery mildew and other common plant diseases. Another option is using chamomile tea as a natural fungicide application. Chamomile contains a compound called apigenin that helps protect plants from fungal infections.

If using natural remedies doesn’t work or if you’re dealing with a severe infection, you may need to resort to chemical fungicides. However, try using these as a last resort because they can harm beneficial insects such as bees and butterflies. If you must use fungicides such as copper-based products or sulfur-based sprays, follow the instructions carefully and apply them early in the day when pollinators are less active.

Preventing disease in swamp milkweed requires diligence and attention to detail, but it’s well worth it for beautiful blooms and healthy foliage. Once your plants are thriving, the next step is attracting pollinators to help ensure maximum flower production.

Attracting Pollinators

In order to prevent diseases in swamp milkweed, it is important to maintain proper growing conditions. This includes ensuring that the plant is not overcrowded and has enough space to breathe, as well as avoiding overwatering. Additionally, regular inspection for signs of disease or pest infestation can help catch problems early on and prevent them from spreading.

Creating habitats for pollinators such as butterflies is an important aspect of gardening with swamp milkweed. By planting a variety of native plants and providing a water source, gardeners can attract and support these beneficial insects. It is also important to avoid using pesticides or other harmful chemicals that can harm pollinators and other wildlife.

Overall, incorporating swamp milkweed into a butterfly garden can provide both beauty and ecological benefits. By following proper care techniques and creating habitats for pollinators, gardeners can enjoy the sight of colorful butterflies while also contributing to the health of local ecosystems.

Transitioning into the next section about propagation methods, it is worth noting that there are several effective ways to propagate swamp milkweed. Whether through seeds or cuttings, careful attention to detail and maintenance of proper growing conditions are essential for success.

Propagation Methods

Swamp milkweed can be propagated through different methods, including water propagation and seed starting. Water propagation involves taking a stem cutting from an existing plant and placing it in a container filled with water. The container should be placed in a bright, indirect light location, and the water level should be maintained at all times. After two to three weeks, roots will start to grow from the cuttings, indicating that they are ready for planting in soil.

Seed starting is another popular method for propagating swamp milkweed. Seeds should be sown indoors 6-8 weeks before the last frost date in the area. The seeds should be planted in well-draining soil and kept moist until germination occurs. Once the seedlings have grown to about 2 inches tall, they can be transplanted into their permanent location outdoors.

Propagation of swamp milkweed is an effective way of increasing the number of plants available for gardening or landscaping purposes. Both water propagation and seed starting are easy methods that can be done by anyone interested in growing this plant. In the next section, we will discuss another important aspect of caring for swamp milkweed – dividing and transplanting.

Dividing And Transplanting

Propagation Methods have been discussed in detail, and now it is time to focus on Dividing and Transplanting. When it comes to Swamp Milkweed, these techniques are essential for its growth and care. It is crucial to know the best time to divide and transplant as it can impact the overall health of the plant.

The best time to divide Swamp Milkweed is during early spring or fall before blooming season. This timing allows enough time for the plant to establish itself before blooming. To divide the plant, carefully dig up the root ball and gently separate it into smaller sections using a sharp knife or spade. Each section should have enough roots and shoots for successful transplantation.

When transplanting Swamp Milkweed, choose a location that receives full sun or partial shade with well-drained soil. Space each transplant at least 18 inches apart and water thoroughly after planting. Mulching around the base of the plant will help retain moisture levels in the soil.

  • Five tips for successful dividing and transplanting of Swamp Milkweed:
  • Use a sharp knife or spade when dividing
  • Choose a location with well-drained soil
  • Water thoroughly after planting
  • Space transplants at least 18 inches apart
  • Mulch around the base of the plant

Overwintering Swamp Milkweed requires proper preparation since it is sensitive to frost damage. After blooming season, cut back stems to a few inches above ground level, removing any dead foliage. Cover with mulch or leaves to protect against harsh winter temperatures. In spring, remove coverings once temperatures rise above freezing.

Dividing and Transplanting are essential techniques for maintaining healthy Swamp Milkweed plants. Knowing when to perform these tasks is critical in ensuring optimal growth conditions for your plant. Overwintering also plays a significant role in preserving your plants’ longevity while protecting them from harsh weather conditions.


Indoor storage is a popular method of overwintering swamp milkweed. This technique involves digging up the plants and storing them inside during the cold months to protect them from frost and freezing temperatures. It’s important to wait until after the first hard frost before digging up your plants, as this will signal that it’s time to start preparing for winter.

When overwintering swamp milkweed indoors, it’s essential to provide them with the right conditions. This includes placing them in a cool, dark location where they won’t be exposed to sunlight or drafts. Additionally, you’ll want to make sure the roots are kept moist but not overly wet. You can achieve this by watering sparingly throughout the winter months.

Winter protection is also key when it comes to keeping your swamp milkweed healthy and thriving through colder weather. In addition to indoor storage, there are other methods you can use to protect your plants from frost and freezing temperatures. These include mulching around the base of each plant with a layer of straw or leaves, covering them with blankets or burlap sacks, or even building small hoop houses over each plant for added insulation.

Indoor StorageWinter Protection
Dig up plants after first hard frostMulch around base of plant
Store in cool, dark locationCover with blankets or burlap sacks
Keep roots moist but not wetBuild small hoop houses for insulation

Transition: Now that we have covered how to properly overwinter your swamp milkweed plants, let’s explore companion planting strategies that can help enhance their growth and overall health.

Companion Planting

After all the effort you have put in to overwinter your swamp milkweed, it is time to consider companion planting. Companion planting benefits not only the swamp milkweed but also other plants around it. Some plants can repel pests while others attract beneficial insects that help pollinate and control pests.

When choosing companion plants for swamp milkweed, it is important to select ones that are native to your area and have similar growing requirements. One great option is goldenrod, which blooms at the same time as swamp milkweed and attracts a variety of pollinators. Another good choice is black-eyed Susan, which has a deep root system that helps prevent erosion and provides an attractive contrast to the flowers of swamp milkweed.

Another excellent companion plant for swamp milkweed is butterfly weed. This plant not only adds beauty to your garden with its bright orange flowers, but also attracts a variety of butterflies including monarchs, which rely on milkweeds for their survival. In addition, butterfly weed has a deep root system that helps prevent soil erosion and improves soil health.

Companion planting not only adds beauty to your garden but also promotes healthy plant growth by providing various benefits such as pest control, nutrient sharing, and pollination support. As we’ve discussed some best companion plants for Swamp Milkweed like goldenrod, black-eyed Susan, and Butterfly weed now let’s move on to common varieties of this beautiful species that you can grow in your garden.

Common Varieties

Asclepias incarnata, known as swamp milkweed, is a native North American wildflower with drooping clusters of fragrant pink and purple flowers. It is an easy to care for perennial that requires full sun and moist soil. Propagation can be done through seed or stem cuttings.

Asclepias syriaca, commonly known as common milkweed, is a North American wildflower that has a clumpier habit than swamp milkweed. It has fragrant pink flowers and can grow in a variety of soils, including dry and sandy. Common milkweed can be propagated through seed or root cuttings.

Asclepias tuberosa, also known as butterfly weed, is a native North American wildflower that has attractive orange and yellow flowers. It prefers well-drained soil and full sun, and can be propagated through seed or root cuttings.

Asclepias Incarnata

Swamp milkweed, scientifically known as Asclepias incarnata, is a well-known variety of milkweed that is native to North America. This perennial plant has gained popularity among gardeners and horticulturists due to its stunning pink flowers and the numerous wildlife benefits it provides. Propagation techniques for swamp milkweed include seed sowing, stem cutting, and division.

Swamp milkweed is a valuable addition to any garden or landscape as it attracts a diverse range of pollinators including butterflies, bees, and hummingbirds. The flowers provide nectar for these species while the plant serves as a host for monarch butterfly larvae. Additionally, swamp milkweed plays an important role in soil conservation by preventing erosion through its deep root system. Its ability to thrive in wet soils also makes it ideal for rain gardens or other areas with poor drainage.

Propagation techniques for swamp milkweed depend on personal preference and availability of resources. Sowing seeds directly in the ground during fall or winter can yield excellent results while stem cuttings taken during summer can be rooted easily in moist soil. Division can also be done in early spring as the plant emerges from dormancy. Regardless of the method chosen, caring for swamp milkweed involves providing ample sunlight and water while avoiding over-fertilization which can harm pollinators.

In conclusion, growing and caring for swamp milkweed is not only aesthetically pleasing but also beneficial to wildlife and the environment. By using appropriate propagation techniques such as seed sowing, stem cutting, or division, gardeners can enjoy the beauty of this perennial plant while providing essential habitat for pollinators and contributing to soil conservation efforts.

Asclepias Syriaca

Moving on to another common variety of milkweed, we have Asclepias syriaca, commonly known as common milkweed. This species is native to North America and grows in a wide range of habitats from fields and meadows to roadsides and disturbed areas. Common milkweed is a perennial plant that can grow up to six feet tall with large oval-shaped leaves and clusters of pink or purple flowers that bloom in early summer.

One of the most significant ecological benefits of common milkweed is its importance as a host plant for monarch butterfly larvae. The leaves of the plant provide essential food for monarch caterpillars, which are one of the few species that can digest the toxic sap found in milkweed plants. In addition to supporting monarch populations, common milkweed also attracts a diverse range of pollinators such as bees, butterflies, and hummingbirds with its sweet nectar.

When it comes to growing common milkweed, it’s important to note that this species can be quite aggressive and may spread quickly through underground rhizomes. However, this characteristic makes it an excellent option for stabilizing soil and preventing erosion in disturbed areas. Propagation techniques include direct seed sowing in fall or winter or division in early spring. Common milkweed prefers full sun but can tolerate some shade and requires moderate watering during dry periods.

In summary, Asclepias syriaca or common milkweed is a valuable addition to any garden or landscape due to its stunning flowers and ecological importance as a host plant for monarch butterflies. With appropriate care and management techniques, this perennial plant can thrive while providing habitat for pollinators and contributing to soil conservation efforts.

Asclepias Tuberosa

Moving on to another variety of milkweed, Asclepias tuberosa, commonly known as butterfly weed, is a native North American perennial that grows in dry, rocky soils and open woodlands. Its vibrant orange flowers bloom in mid-summer and attract a wide range of pollinators such as butterflies, bees, and hummingbirds. Asclepias tuberosa is also an essential host plant for the caterpillars of several butterfly species.

When it comes to growing Asclepias tuberosa, seed starting is a popular method because its taproot makes transplanting difficult. Sow seeds indoors 8-10 weeks before the last expected frost or directly sow them outside in late fall or early winter. Butterfly weed does well in containers if they are at least 12 inches deep and wide enough to accommodate the plant’s mature size. The plant prefers full sun but can tolerate partial shade and requires well-draining soil with moderate watering.

Overall, Asclepias tuberosa is an excellent addition to any garden or landscape with its striking flowers and ecological benefits as a host plant for butterflies. By starting seeds indoors or planting in containers, even those without access to suitable outdoor spaces can enjoy this beautiful species. With proper care and management techniques, butterfly weed can thrive while providing habitat for pollinators and enhancing the beauty of any space it inhabits.

Troubleshooting Tips

Common issues may arise when growing and caring for swamp milkweed. Some of these issues include powdery mildew, aphids, and yellowing leaves. These can be treated using various troubleshooting techniques.

Powdery mildew is a fungal disease that appears as a white powdery substance on the leaves of the plant. To treat this issue, remove any infected leaves and ensure proper air circulation around the plant by spacing them appropriately. Additionally, avoid overhead watering since this may promote the spread of the disease. Apply fungicide if necessary.

Aphids are small insects that feed on sap from the plant and can cause stunted growth and distorted leaves. A natural way to get rid of aphids is by introducing predatory insects like ladybugs or lacewing larvae into your garden. Alternatively, spraying a solution made of water and dish soap onto affected areas can help control their population.

In conclusion, identifying common issues when growing swamp milkweed is important to keep your plants healthy and thriving. Troubleshooting techniques like removing infected leaves, ensuring proper air circulation or introducing predatory insects can help address powdery mildew or aphid infestations respectively. By being proactive in identifying potential issues, you’ll be able to keep your swamp milkweed healthy for years to come.


Swamp milkweed, a beautiful and essential plant for pollinators, can be an excellent addition to any garden. With proper care, it can thrive in various environments and provide food and shelter for numerous species. When selecting a location, consider the plant’s preferences for moist soil and full sun exposure. Be sure to provide ample water during dry spells and fertilize the soil as needed.

To ensure your swamp milkweed thrives year after year, overwintering is crucial. Mulching with straw or leaves can help insulate the plant’s roots from harsh winter conditions. Companion planting with other native plants like coneflowers and black-eyed Susans can also benefit swamp milkweed by attracting even more pollinators to your garden.

By growing swamp milkweed, you not only create a beautiful natural landscape but also contribute to the health of our ecosystem. These plants support vital pollinators such as bees and butterflies, which are integral to our food supply. Planting this stunning perennial is a small but impactful way to make a difference in preserving our environment for future generations.

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Author: Itamar ben dor

My name is Itamar Ben Dor, and I am passionate about environmental sustainability and the power of plants to improve our lives. As the founder of Green Life, I have assembled a team of experts in the fields of horticulture, design, and sustainability to help us bring you the most up-to-date and accurate information.

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